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有声双语阅读 | 走遍全世界之英属哥伦比亚

2019-04-23 08:40:05  每日学英语
英属哥伦比亚

 

英属哥伦比亚

British Columbia is the third largest Canadian province, both in area and population. It is nearly 1.5 times as large as Texas, and extends 800 miles (1,280km) north from the United States border. It includes Canada's entire west coast and the ialands just off the coast.

英属哥伦比亚是加拿大的第三大省,无论是面积还是人口都是如此。它几乎是德克萨斯的1.5倍,从美国边境一直向北延伸了800英里(1,280公里)。它包括?#24605;?#25343;大整个西海?#37117;?#38468;近岛屿。

Most of British Conlumbia is mountainous, with long rugged ranged running north and south. Even the coastal island are the remains of a mountain range that existed thousands of years ago. During the last Ice Age, this range was scoured by glaciers until most of it was beneath the sea. Its peaks now show as islands scattered along the coast.

大部分英属哥伦比亚多山峦。绵长而粗犷的山脉贯通南北。甚至那些沿海的岛屿都是那些存在于千万年前的遗迹。在上一个冰河时期,这些山脉被冰河冲刷侵蚀,直到大部分山脉被淹没在海中。它们的峰顶显现为沿着海岸散步的岛屿。

The southwestern coastal region has a humid mild marine climate. Sea winds that blow inland from the west are warmed by a current of warm water that flows through the Pacific Ocean. As a result, winter temperatures average above freezing and summers are mild.

西南海岸地区有着潮湿温和的海洋性气候。从太平洋来的温暖的洋流使得?#28216;?#21561;过内陆的海风变得温暖。因为这儿冬天平均气温在零上而且夏天也不会酷热。

These warm western winds also carry moisture from the ocean. Inland from the coast, the winds from the Pacific meet the mountain barriers of the coastal ranges and the Rocky Mountains. As they rise to cross the mountains, the winds are cooled, and their moisture begins to fall as rain. On some of the western slopes almost 200 inches (500cm) of rain fall each year.

这些温暖的西风同样也从海洋带来了湿气。来自太平洋的、从海岸向内陆的风遇到海岸山脉和落基山脉这些山脉屏障。当气流升高跨越这些山脉时,风的温度就降低了,风中的水?#20013;?#25104;降雨。在一些朝西山坡区域每年大约有200英寸(500厘米)的降水。

More than half of British Columbia is heavily forested. On mountain slopes that receive plentiful rainfall, huge Douglas firs rise in towering columns. These forest giants often grow to be as much as 300 feet (90m) tall, with diameters up to 10 feet (3m). More lumber is produced from these trees than from any other kind of tree in North America. Hemlock, red cedar, and balsam fir are among the other trees found in British Columbia.

大部分英属哥伦比亚密布着森林。在有充足降水的斜坡上,巨大的道格拉斯枞树高耸入云。这些森林巨人常常长到高达300英尺(90米),直径粗达10英尺(3米)。这些树产出了比北美其他任何树?#32423;?#30340;木材。铁杉、红香樁、香脂冷杉枞都是发现于英属哥伦比亚的树种。

 

英属哥伦比亚

 

英语词汇整理:

1. mountainous adj. 多山的,如山一般的

eg: He lives in a mountainous district.

他住在山区。

短语:

mountainous terrain 山岭区

mountainous road 山区道路

mountainous district 山区

2. rugged adj. 高低不平的,崎岖的,粗糙的

eg: We left the rough track and bumped our way over a rugged mountainous terrain.

我们驶离?#37096;?#30340;小道,又颠簸过了崎岖多?#19994;?#23665;地。

短语:

rugged terrain 不平地形,崎岖地带

rugged individualism 顽强的个人主义

3. scatter vt. 撒(播);使散开,驱散 vi. 分(消)散

eg: After dinner, everyone scattered.

吃完饭,每个人都散开了。

短语:

scatter about(around) 把……散?#19994;?#32622;于……

scatter over 把……洒(撒)在……上

scatter at 四散

scatter for 为了……而分散

scatter with 用……来播撒

scatter on 把……洒(撒)在……上

scatter by 被……驱散

4. coastal adj. 沿海的,海岸的,沿岸的

eg: Local radio stations serving coastal areas often broadcast forecasts for yachtsmen.

服务沿海地区的地方电台经常向驾驶快艇者播放天气预报。

短语:

coastal city 沿海城市

coastal area 沿海地区,海岸区

coastal waters 沿海水域

coastal region 沿岸区域,滨海区

5. humid adj. 潮湿的

eg: She thought of her humid, stuffy darkroom.

她想起了自己那间闷热潮湿的暗室。

短语:

humid climate 潮湿气候

humid air 空气

humid heat 湿比热

6. moisture n. 水分,潮气,湿度

eg: The moisture in the air makes it humid today.

今天空气中水汽大,天气很潮湿。

短语:

moisture barrier 防潮层

moisture meter 湿度计;湿度测?#32771;?湿度表

7. column n. ?#31119;?#19987;?#31119;校?#22278;柱,柱,柱形物

eg: He used to write a column for this newspaper.

他过去曾为这家报纸写专栏文章。

短语:

dodge the column [俚语]逃避责任;回避工作(或任务)

water column 水柱

佳句采摘:

It is nearly 1.5 times as large as Texas, and extends 800 miles (1,280km) north from the United States border. It includes Canada's entire west coast and the ialands just off the coast.

它几乎是德克萨斯的1.5倍,从美国边境一直向北延伸了800英里(1,280公里)。它包括?#24605;?#25343;大整个西海?#37117;?#38468;近岛屿。

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