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职业倦怠是一种病,得治!

所属教程:时尚话题

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2019年05月30日

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What is burnout?

什么是职业倦怠?

While you can feel burnt out from a number of aspects of life, WHO defines it specifically in terms of a work-related illness. “Burn-out is a syndrome conceptualised as resulting from chronic workplace stress that has not been successfully managed.

虽然你可能会从生活的许多方面感到疲惫,但世卫组织将其具体定义为与工作有关的疾病。“职场倦怠是一种综合症,是由长期的工作压力造成的,而这种压力并未得到?#34892;?#25511;制。”

“It is characterized by three dimensions: 1) feelings of energy depletion or exhaustion; 2) increased mental distance from one’s job, or feelings of negativism or cynicism related to one's job; and 3) reduced professional efficacy. Burn-out refers specifically to phenomena in the occupational context and should not be applied to describe experiences in other areas of life.”

“它具有三个方面的特征:1)能量消耗或耗尽的感觉;2)与工作的心理距离增加,或与工作相关的消极或愤世嫉俗的感觉;3)职业效能降低。职业倦怠是指职业环境中的现象,不应用于描述生活中其他领域的经历。”

“While a certain amount of stress - such as in the workplace - can be useful for making us productive and engaged at work, burnout refers to when stress levels become unmanageable, which can have a knock-on impact on our overall mental and physical wellbeing.”

“虽然一定量的压力(如工作上的压力)对提高我们的生产力和工作积极性很有帮助,但倦怠是指当压力水平变得无法控制,这会对我们的身心健康产生连锁?#20174;Α?rdquo;

职业倦怠是一种病,得治!

How can you tell if you have burnout?

如?#38395;?#26029;自己是否是职业倦怠?

Vandenabeele says symptoms of burnout include insomnia or interrupted sleep, a weakened immune system, nausea and headaches along with low mood and irritability.

Vandenabeele表示,倦怠的症状包括失眠或睡眠中断、免疫?#20302;?#20943;弱、恶心和头痛、情绪低落和易怒。

He explains: “If you notice these symptoms in yourself, or someone else, seeking medical help is an important first step.”

他提醒到:“如果你发现自己或别人有这些症状,寻求医疗救助是重要的第一步。”

Walker adds: “Most people will notice an underlying state of fatigue or exhaustion, feeling emotionally numb, low or disconnected from things they used to care about, often finding themselves in ’survival mode’ where the priority is to get through the day on their reduced energy levels, with little left over to ’thrive’ or for enjoyment.

Walker补充道:“大多数人都会注意到一种潜在的疲劳或疲惫状态,感觉情绪麻?#23613;?#24773;绪低落或与他们过去关心的事情脱节,通常会发现自己处于‘生存模式’,在这种模式下,他们的首要任务是在能量水平下降的情况下度过一天,而很少有剩下的时间去‘茁壮成长’或享受。

“They are likely to be more susceptible to flu and other bugs and, as burnout progresses, may feel more emotionally vulnerable and unable to cope in the face of pressure. As with stress, we often lose insight that we are getting caught up in a state of burnout, so others may notice it before we do.”

“他们很可能更容易感染流感和其他病菌,随着精疲力竭的进展,随着精力耗尽,他们可能会在情感上更脆弱,无法面对压力。与压力一样,我们经常会陷入倦怠而不自知,所以别人可能会在我们之前就注意到。”

What’s the best way to diagnose burnout?

诊断倦怠的最佳方法是什么?

While burnout is not yet officially recognised by the NHS, Walker recommends heading to a doctor to talk about your symptoms as burnout can lead to high stress and also cause similar symptoms of depression.

虽然国民医疗服务体系还没有正式承认职业倦怠,沃克还是建议你去看看医生,谈谈你的症状,因为职业倦怠会导致高压力,也会导致类?#39057;?#25233;郁症。

Vandenabeele adds: “Mental health issues can affect us at any age and it’s important to seek support without delay, as early diagnosis and treatment can improve recovery rates for conditions like burnout.”

Vandenabeele补充道:“任?#25991;?#40836;的人都可能受到心理健康问题的影响,及时寻求帮助是很重要的,因为早期诊断和治疗可以提高倦怠等症状的?#25351;?#29575;。”

What can you do if you feel burnt out?

如果你感到倦怠,该怎么办?

Vandenabeele says the first thing you need to do is work out what’s causing the burnout for you.

Vandenabeele说,你要做的第一件事就是弄清楚是什么让你倦怠。

A healthy diet, getting fresh air and exercising regularly, as well as taking regular breaks at work can help.

健康的饮?#24120;?#21628;吸新鲜空气,定期锻炼,以及在工作中有规律地休息,都会有所帮助。


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